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Safety results in the CELESTIAL trial1

Adverse Reactions (ARs) Occurring at a Higher Incidence in Patients Treated with CABOMETYX (Between-arm Difference of ≥5% [All Grades] or ≥2% [Grade 3-4])

    Percentage (%) of Patients
  CABOMETYX
(n=467)
placebo
(n=237)
All Grades* Grade 3-4 All Grades* Grade 3-4
Gastrointestinal        
Diarrhea 54 10 19 2
Nausea 31 2 18 2
Vomiting 26 <1 12 3
Stomatitis 13 2 2 0
Dyspepsia 10 0 3 0
General        
Fatigue 45 10 30 4
Asthenia 22 7 8 2
Mucosal inflammation 14 2 2 <1
Metabolism and Nutrition        
Decreased appetite 48 6 18 <1
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue        
PPE 46 17 5 0
Rash 21 2 9 <1
Vascular        
Hypertension 30 16 6 2
Investigations        
Weight decreased 17 1 6 0
Nervous System        
Dysgeusia 12 0 2 0
Endocrine        
Hypothyroidism 8 <1 <1 0
Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal        
Dysphonia 19 1 2 0
Dyspnea 12 3 10 <1
Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue        
Pain in extremity 9 <1 4 1
Muscle spasms 8 <1 2 0
*

NCI-CTCAE v4.0

Includes the following terms: rash, rash erythematous, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculopapular, rash papular, rash pruritic, rash pustular, rash vesicular, dermatitis, dermatitis acneiform, dermatitis contact, dermatitis diaper, dermatitis exfoliative, dermatitis infected.

Includes the following terms: hypertension, blood pressure diastolic increased, blood pressure increased.

Laboratory Abnormalities Occurring at a Higher Incidence in Patients Treated with CABOMETYX Between-arm Difference of ≥5% [All Grades] or ≥2% [Grade 3-4])1

  Percentage (%) of Patients
  CABOMETYX
(n=467)
placebo
(n=237)
All Grades Grade 3-4 All Grades Grade 3-4
Chemistry        
Increased LDH 84 9 29 2
Increased ALT 73 12 37 6
Increased AST 73 24 46 19
Hypoalbuminemia 51 1 32 1
Increased ALP 43 8 38 6
Hypophosphatemia 25 9 8 4
Hypokalemia 23 6 6 1
Hypomagnesemia 22 3 3 0
Increased amylase 16 2 9 2
Hypocalcemia 8 2 0 0
Hematology        
Decreased platelets 54 10 16 1
Neutropenia 43 7 8 1
Increased hemoglobin 8 0 1 0

The overall efficacy results in the CELESTIAL trial were achieved in the context of dose modifications

  CABOMETYX
vs placebo
Dose withholds1,2 84%
37%
Median duration of each dose withhold2 9 days
Dose reductions1,3 62%
13%
Discontinuations1,3 16%
3%
Mean average daily dose2 37 mg

Download the CABOMETYX Treatment Management Guide


ALP=alkaline phosphatase; ALT=alanine aminotransferase; aRCC=advanced renal cell carcinoma; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; HCC=hepatocellular carcinoma; LDH=lactate dehydrogenase; NCI-CTCAE=National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events; PPE=palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia.

References:

  1. CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib) Prescribing Information. Exelixis, Inc, 2021.
  2. Data on file. Exelixis, Inc. 3. Abou-Alfa GK, Meyer T, Cheng AL, et al. Cabozantinib in patients with advanced and progressing hepatocellular carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(1):54-63.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Hemorrhage: Severe and fatal hemorrhages occurred with CABOMETYX. The incidence of Grade 3 to 5 hemorrhagic events was 5% in CABOMETYX patients in RCC and HCC studies. Discontinue CABOMETYX for Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhage. Do not administer CABOMETYX to patients who have a recent history of hemorrhage, including hemoptysis, hematemesis, or melena.

Perforations and Fistulas: Fistulas, including fatal cases, occurred in 1% of CABOMETYX patients. Gastrointestinal (GI) perforations, including fatal cases, occurred in 1% of CABOMETYX patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of fistulas and perforations, including abscess and sepsis. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who experience a Grade 4 fistula or a GI perforation.

Thrombotic Events: CABOMETYX increased the risk of thrombotic events. Venous thromboembolism occurred in 7% (including 4% pulmonary embolism) and arterial thromboembolism in 2% of CABOMETYX patients. Fatal thrombotic events occurred in CABOMETYX patients. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop an acute myocardial infarction or serious arterial or venous thromboembolic events that require medical intervention.

Hypertension and Hypertensive Crisis: CABOMETYX can cause hypertension, including hypertensive crisis. Hypertension was reported in 36% (17% Grade 3 and <1% Grade 4) of CABOMETYX patients. Do not initiate CABOMETYX in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Monitor blood pressure regularly during CABOMETYX treatment. Withhold CABOMETYX for hypertension that is not adequately controlled with medical management; when controlled, resume at a reduced dose. Discontinue CABOMETYX for severe hypertension that cannot be controlled with anti-hypertensive therapy or for hypertensive crisis.

Diarrhea: Diarrhea occurred in 63% of CABOMETYX patients. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 11% of CABOMETYX patients. Withhold CABOMETYX until improvement to Grade 1 and resume at a reduced dose for intolerable Grade 2 diarrhea, Grade 3 diarrhea that cannot be managed with standard antidiarrheal treatments, or Grade 4 diarrhea.

Palmar-Plantar Erythrodysesthesia (PPE): PPE occurred in 44% of CABOMETYX patients. Grade 3 PPE occurred in 13% of CABOMETYX patients. Withhold CABOMETYX until improvement to Grade 1 and resume at a reduced dose for intolerable Grade 2 PPE or Grade 3 PPE.

Proteinuria: Proteinuria was observed in 7% of CABOMETYX patients. Monitor urine protein regularly during CABOMETYX treatment. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop nephrotic syndrome.

Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (ONJ): ONJ occurred in <1% of CABOMETYX patients. ONJ can manifest as jaw pain, osteomyelitis, osteitis, bone erosion, tooth or periodontal infection, toothache, gingival ulceration or erosion, persistent jaw pain, or slow healing of the mouth or jaw after dental surgery. Perform an oral examination prior to CABOMETYX initiation and periodically during treatment. Advise patients regarding good oral hygiene practices. Withhold CABOMETYX for at least 3 weeks prior to scheduled dental surgery or invasive dental procedures, if possible. Withhold CABOMETYX for development of ONJ until complete resolution.

Impaired Wound Healing: Wound complications occurred with CABOMETYX. Withhold CABOMETYX for at least 3 weeks prior to elective surgery. Do not administer CABOMETYX for at least 2 weeks after major surgery and until adequate wound healing is observed. The safety of resumption of CABOMETYX after resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.

Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS): RPLS, a syndrome of subcortical vasogenic edema diagnosed by characteristic findings on MRI, can occur with CABOMETYX. Evaluate for RPLS in patients presenting with seizures, headache, visual disturbances, confusion, or altered mental function. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop RPLS.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: CABOMETYX can cause fetal harm. Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating CABOMETYX and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most commonly reported (≥20%) adverse reactions are: diarrhea, fatigue, decreased appetite, PPE, nausea, hypertension, vomiting, weight decreased, constipation, and dysphonia.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors: If coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors cannot be avoided, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid grapefruit or grapefruit juice.

Strong CYP3A4 Inducers: If coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inducers cannot be avoided, increase the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid St. John’s wort.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed during CABOMETYX treatment and for 4 months after the final dose.

Hepatic Impairment: In patients with moderate hepatic impairment, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid CABOMETYX in patients with severe hepatic impairment.

Please see accompanying full Prescribing Information.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

INDICATIONS

CABOMETYX is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib.

INDICATIONS

CABOMETYX is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib.