This site is intended for US healthcare professionals only

CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib) aRCC data in combination with OPDIVO® (nivolumab)

1L aRCC combination treatment 

See the results from the CheckMate-9ER study—including efficacy, safety, and exploratory patient-reported quality of life data.

logo lockup showing the CABOMETYX product logo & the OPDIVO product logo

Related Content

    CheckMate-9ER: a Phase 3, randomized, head-to-head trial.1,2

    An open-label trial vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated aRCC.1,2

    1:1 randomization2
    (N=651)
    Patients had previously untreated aRCC with a clear-cell component2
    Enrollment of patients with favorable IMDC risk score limited to 25% of population2

    CABOMETYX 40 mg PO once daily
    + OPDIVO 240 mg IV every 2 weeks1
    (n=323)

    sunitinib 50 mg PO once daily
    for 4 weeks, followed by 2 weeks off, per cycle1
    (n=328)

    Treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity1*

    Primary endpoint1,3
    PFS

    Secondary endpoints1,3
    OS
    ORR
    Safety

    Exploratory endpoint2‡
    HRQoL

    • Excluded patients with autoimmune disease or other medical conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression1
    • Median follow-up was 18.1 months (range: 10.6-30.6 months) with an extended follow-up analysis at 55.6 months (range: 48.1-68.1 months)2,4
      • 32.9-month median follow-up data (range: 25.4-45.4 months) was a pre-planned final OS analysis that occurred after observation of 271 events1,5,6
    *

    Tumor assessments were performed at baseline, after randomization at Week 12, then every 6 weeks until Week 60, and then every 12 weeks thereafter. Treatment beyond RECIST v1.1–defined disease progression was permitted if the patient was clinically stable and considered to be deriving clinical benefit by the investigator. OPDIVO dosing was not to exceed a total of 2 years (from cycle 1).1

    PFS and ORR were assessed by BICR.1

    Other exploratory endpoints included biomarkers, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and PFS-2.2

    The starting dose of CABOMETYX was 40 mg in CheckMate-9ER1

    Stratification factors1

    • IMDC risk group (favorable vs intermediate vs poor)
    • PD-L1 tumor expression (≥1% vs <1% or indeterminate)
    • Geographic region (United States, Canada, and Western and Northern Europe vs rest of world)§

    CheckMate-9ER included 78% of patients who were intermediate/poor risk2

    Baseline Characteristics WERE Balanced Across Treatment Arms2,7

     

    No. (%)

     

    CABOMETYX + OPDIVO
    (n=323)

    sunitinib
    (n=328)

    Age (years)2

    <65

    191 (59.1)

    210 (64.0)

    ≥65

    132 (40.9)

    118 (36.0)

    Geographic region7

    US/Canada/W. Europe/N. Europe§

    158 (48.9)

    161 (49.1)

    Rest of world

    165 (51.1)

    167 (50.9)

    Karnofsky performance status7

    70

    14 (4.3)

    18 (5.5)

    80

    52 (16.1)

    67 (20.4)

    90

    110 (34.1)

    112 (34.1)

    100

    147 (45.5)

    129 (39.3)

    Not reported

    0

    2 (0.6)

    Baseline IMDC prognostic score2

    Favorable

    74 (22.9)

    72 (22.0)

    Intermediate

    188 (58.2)

    188 (57.3)

    Poor

    61 (18.9)

    68 (20.7)

    Time from diagnosis to randomization7

    <1 year

    210 (65.0)

    214 (65.2)

    ≥1 year

    112 (34.7)

    111 (33.8)

    Not reported

    1 (0.3)

    3 (0.9)

    Prior nephrectomy2

    Yes

    222 (68.7)

    233 (71.0)

    No

    101 (31.3)

    95 (29.0)

    Prior radiotherapy7

    Yes

    46 (14.2)

    45 (13.7)

    No

    277 (85.8)

    283 (86.3)

    PD-L1+ status7

    ≥1%

    81 (25.1)

    81 (24.7)

    <1% or indeterminate

    232 (71.8)

    240 (73.2)

    Not reported

    10 (3.1)

    7 (2.1)

    Sarcomatoid features7

    Yes

    34 (10.5)

    41 (12.5)

    No

    279 (86.4)

    278 (84.8)

    Not reported

    10 (3.1)

    9 (2.7)

    Stage at initial diagnosis7

    Stage IV

    167 (51.7)

    173 (52.7)

    Non-stage IV

    150 (46.4)

    148 (45.1)

    Not reported

    6 (1.9)

    7 (2.1)

    No. of metastatic sites2||

    1

    63 (19.5)

    69 (21.0)

    ≥2

    259 (80.2)

    256 (78.0)

    Most common sites of metastasis2

    Lung

    238 (73.7)

    249 (75.9)

    Lymph node

    130 (40.2)

    131 (39.9)

    Bone

    78 (24.1)

    72 (22.0)

    Liver

    73 (22.6)

    53 (16.2)

    Adrenal gland

    36 (11.1)

    36 (11.0)

    §

    Western and Northern European countries included: Czechia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Spain, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.7

    Data are for tumor sites defined at baseline by the investigators according to RECIST v1.1. The number of target or nontarget lesions at baseline was not reported for 1 patient in the CABOMETYX + OPDIVO group and for 3 patients in the sunitinib group.2

    CheckMate-9ER studied a range of patients, including those with a high burden of disease2

    Primary analysis: Secondary endpoint overall survival (OS)2

    OS outcomes show early and sustained separation of curves in the primary analysis

    Primary analysis results: OS2

    Median follow-up time of 18.1 months; range: 10.6-30.6 months

    Line graph shows secondary endpoint data for primary analysis of OS in CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib in CheckMate-9ER study
    • Pre-planned final analysis of OS (median follow-up: 32.9 months; range: 25.4-45.4 months): Median OS was 37.7 months for CABOMETYX + OPDIVO (95% Cl: 35.5-NR; n=323) compared with 34.3 months for sunitinib (95% Cl: 29.0-NR; n=328); HR=0.70 (95% Cl: 0.55-0.90)1,5,6

    4-year follow-up analysis: OS4

    Median follow-up time of 55.6 months; range: 48.1-68.1 months

    Line graph shows secondary endpoint data for extended followup of OS in CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib in CheckMate-9ER study

    No formal statistical testing was conducted at the time of the updated analysis.


    Primary analysis: Primary endpoint progression-free survival (PFS), secondary endpoint objective response rate (ORR)

    Median PFS and ORR doubled

    Primary analysis results in the ITT population: PFS1

    Median follow-up time of 18.1 months; range: 10.6-30.6 months2

    data chart compares primary analysis PFS data for CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib

    Primary analysis results in the ITT population: ORR1

    Median follow-up time of 18.1 months; range: 10.6-30.6 months2

    orr was doubled1

    data chart compares primary analysis ORR data for CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib
    At the time of primary analysis, only 5.6% of patients had progressive disease with CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs 13.7% of patients with sunitinib2#

    PFS and ORR were assessed by BICR.1

    #

    Progressive disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: The appearance of 1 or more new lesions is also considered progression.)8

    4-year follow-up analysis: PFS and ORR4

    Median follow-up time of 55.6 months; range: 48.1-68.1 months

    Median PFS4**

    data chart compares extended followup PFS data for CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib

    No formal statistical testing was conducted at the time of the updated analysis.

    ORR4**

    data chart compares extended followup ORR data for CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs sunitinib

    Longest available follow-up for CheckMate-9ER

    13.6% of patients achieved a CR with CABOMETYX + OPDIVO vs 4.6% of patients with sunitinib4
    **

    PFS and ORR were assessed by BICR.1

    No formal statistical testing was conducted at the time of the updated analysis.


    Select Important Safety Information

    The full Prescribing Information for CABOMETYX includes Warnings and Precautions for: hemorrhage, perforations and fistulas, thrombotic events, hypertension and hypertensive crises, diarrhea, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE), hepatotoxicity, adrenal insufficiency, proteinuria, osteonecrosis of the jaw, impaired wound healing, reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, thyroid dysfunction, hypocalcemia, and embroyo-fetal toxicity.

    See additional important safety information below.

    Cabozantinib (CABOMETYX) + nivolumab (OPDIVO) is the only TKI+IO regimen with an NCCN® recommendation in both clear-cell and non–clear-cell aRCC9 

    Category 1, preferred option across all risk groups in 1L clear cell RCC9††  
    Category 2A, other recommended option in non-clear cell RCC9‡‡

    ††

    NCCN Category 1: Based upon high-level evidence, there is uniform NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

    ‡‡

    NCCN Category 2A: Based on lower-level evidence, there is uniform NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

    NCCN makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding their content, use or application and disclaims any responsibility for their application or use in any way.

    The approval of CABOMETYX with OPDIVO in 1L aRCC was based on a randomized (1:1), open-label, Phase 3 trial vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated aRCC with a clear-cell component.


    1L=first-line; aRCC=advanced renal cell carcinoma; BICR=blinded independent central review; CI=confidence interval; CR=complete response; HR=hazard ratio; HRQoL=health-related quality of life; IMDC=International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium; IO=immunotherapy; ITT=intent to treat; IV=intravenous; NE=not estimable; NR=not reached; ORR=objective response rate; OS=overall survival; PD-L1=programmed cell death ligand 1; PFS=progression-free survival; PFS-2=progression-free survival after subsequent therapy; PO=by mouth; PR=partial response; RECIST=Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors; TKI=tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

    References:

    1. CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib) Prescribing Information. Exelixis, Inc.
    2. Choueiri TK, Powles T, Burotto M, et al; CheckMate 9ER Investigators. Nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib for advanced renal-cell carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 2021;384(9):829-841.
    3. Motzer RJ, Choueiri TK, Powles T, et al. Nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib for advanced renal cell carcinoma: outcomes by sarcomatoid histology and updated trial results with extended follow-up of CheckMate 9ER. Poster presented at Genitourinary Cancers Symposium; February 11-13, 2021.
    4. Bourlon MT, Escudier B, Burotto M, et al. Nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib for previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma: results from 55-month follow-up of the CheckMate 9ER trial. Presented at ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium; January 27, 2024.
    5. Motzer RJ, Powles T, Burotto M, et al. Nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib in first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma (CheckMate 9ER): long-term follow-up results from an open-label, randomized, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2022;23(7):888-898.
    6. Powles T, Choueiri TK, Burotto M, et al. Final overall survival analysis and organ-specific target lesion assessments with 2-year follow-up in CheckMate 9ER: nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Poster presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium; February 17-19, 2022.
    7. Data on file. Exelixis, Inc.
    8. Choueiri TK, Powles T, Burotto M, et al; CheckMate 9ER Investigators. Nivolumab plus cabozantinib versus sunitinib for advanced renal cell carcinoma [protocol]. N Engl J Med. 2021;384(9):829-841.
    9. Referenced with permission from the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Kidney Cancer V.2.2024. © National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. 2024. All rights reserved. Accessed January 8, 2024. To view the most recent and complete version of the guideline, go online to NCCN.org.

    IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

    Hemorrhage: Severe and fatal hemorrhages occurred with CABOMETYX. The incidence of Grade 3 to 5 hemorrhagic events was 5% in CABOMETYX patients in RCC, HCC, and DTC studies. Discontinue CABOMETYX for Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhage and prior to surgery as recommended. Do not administer CABOMETYX to patients who have a recent history of hemorrhage, including hemoptysis, hematemesis, or melena.

    Perforations and Fistulas: Fistulas, including fatal cases, occurred in 1% of CABOMETYX patients. Gastrointestinal (GI) perforations, including fatal cases, occurred in 1% of CABOMETYX patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of fistulas and perforations, including abscess and sepsis. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who experience a Grade 4 fistula or a GI perforation.

    Thrombotic Events: CABOMETYX increased the risk of thrombotic events. Venous thromboembolism occurred in 7% (including 4% pulmonary embolism) and arterial thromboembolism in 2% of CABOMETYX patients. Fatal thrombotic events occurred in CABOMETYX patients. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop an acute myocardial infarction or serious arterial or venous thromboembolic events that require medical intervention.

    Hypertension and Hypertensive Crisis: CABOMETYX can cause hypertension, including hypertensive crisis. Hypertension was reported in 37% (16% Grade 3 and <1% Grade 4) of CABOMETYX patients. Do not initiate CABOMETYX in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Monitor blood pressure regularly during CABOMETYX treatment. Withhold CABOMETYX for hypertension that is not adequately controlled with medical management; when controlled, resume at a reduced dose. Permanently discontinue CABOMETYX for severe hypertension that cannot be controlled with anti-hypertensive therapy or for hypertensive crisis.

    Diarrhea: Diarrhea occurred in 62% of CABOMETYX patients. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 10% of CABOMETYX patients. Monitor and manage patients using antidiarrheals as indicated. Withhold CABOMETYX until improvement to ≤ Grade 1, resume at a reduced dose.

    Palmar-Plantar Erythrodysesthesia (PPE): PPE occurred in 45% of CABOMETYX patients. Grade 3 PPE occurred in 13% of CABOMETYX patients. Withhold CABOMETYX until improvement to Grade 1 and resume at a reduced dose for intolerable Grade 2 PPE or Grade 3 PPE.

    Hepatotoxicity: CABOMETYX in combination with nivolumab can cause hepatic toxicity with higher frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to CABOMETYX alone.

    Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes than when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt CABOMETYX and nivolumab and consider administering corticosteroids.

    With the combination of CABOMETYX and nivolumab, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT or AST were seen in 11% of patients. ALT or AST >3 times ULN (Grade ≥2) was reported in 83 patients, of whom 23 (28%) received systemic corticosteroids; ALT or AST resolved to Grades 0-1 in 74 (89%). Among the 44 patients with Grade ≥2 increased ALT or AST who were rechallenged with either CABOMETYX (n=9) or nivolumab (n=11) as a single agent or with both (n=24), recurrence of Grade ≥2 increased ALT or AST was observed in 2 patients receiving CABOMETYX, 2 patients receiving nivolumab, and 7 patients receiving both CABOMETYX and nivolumab. Withhold and resume at a reduced dose based on severity.

    Adrenal Insufficiency: CABOMETYX in combination with nivolumab can cause primary or secondary adrenal insufficiency. For Grade 2 or higher adrenal insufficiency, initiate symptomatic treatment, including hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold CABOMETYX and/or nivolumab and resume CABOMETYX at a reduced dose depending on severity.

    Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 4.7% (15/320) of patients with RCC who received CABOMETYX with nivolumab, including Grade 3 (2.2%), and Grade 2 (1.9%) adverse reactions. Adrenal insufficiency led to permanent discontinuation of CABOMETYX and nivolumab in 0.9% and withholding of CABOMETYX and nivolumab in 2.8% of patients with RCC.

    Approximately 80% (12/15) of patients with adrenal insufficiency received hormone replacement therapy, including systemic corticosteroids. Adrenal insufficiency resolved in 27% (n=4) of the 15 patients. Of the 9 patients in whom CABOMETYX with nivolumab was withheld for adrenal insufficiency, 6 reinstated treatment after symptom improvement; of these, all (n=6) received hormone replacement therapy and 2 had recurrence of adrenal insufficiency.

    Proteinuria: Proteinuria was observed in 8% of CABOMETYX patients. Monitor urine protein regularly during CABOMETYX treatment. For Grade 2 or 3 proteinuria, withhold CABOMETYX until improvement to ≤ Grade 1 proteinuria; resume CABOMETYX at a reduced dose. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop nephrotic syndrome.

    Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (ONJ): ONJ occurred in <1% of CABOMETYX patients. ONJ can manifest as jaw pain, osteomyelitis, osteitis, bone erosion, tooth or periodontal infection, toothache, gingival ulceration or erosion, persistent jaw pain, or slow healing of the mouth or jaw after dental surgery. Perform an oral examination prior to CABOMETYX initiation and periodically during treatment. Advise patients regarding good oral hygiene practices. Withhold CABOMETYX for at least 3 weeks prior to scheduled dental surgery or invasive dental procedures, if possible. Withhold CABOMETYX for development of ONJ until complete resolution, resume at a reduced dose.

    Impaired Wound Healing: Wound complications occurred with CABOMETYX. Withhold CABOMETYX for at least 3 weeks prior to elective surgery. Do not administer CABOMETYX for at least 2 weeks after major surgery and until adequate wound healing. The safety of resumption of CABOMETYX after resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.

    Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS): RPLS, a syndrome of subcortical vasogenic edema diagnosed by characteristic findings on MRI, can occur with CABOMETYX. Evaluate for RPLS in patients presenting with seizures, headache, visual disturbances, confusion, or altered mental function. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop RPLS.

    Thyroid Dysfunction: Thyroid dysfunction, primarily hypothyroidism, has been observed with CABOMETYX. Based on the safety population, thyroid dysfunction occurred in 19% of patients treated with CABOMETYX, including Grade 3 in 0.4% of patients.

    Patients should be assessed for signs of thyroid dysfunction prior to the initiation of CABOMETYX and monitored for signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction during CABOMETYX treatment. Thyroid function testing and management of dysfunction should be performed as clinically indicated.

    Hypocalcemia: CABOMETYX can cause hypocalcemia. Based on the safety population, hypocalcemia occurred in 13% of patients treated with CABOMETYX, including Grade 3 in 2% and Grade 4 in 1% of patients. Laboratory abnormality data were not collected in CABOSUN.

    In COSMIC-311, hypocalcemia occurred in 36% of patients treated with CABOMETYX, including Grade 3 in 6% and Grade 4 in 3% of patients.

    Monitor blood calcium levels and replace calcium as necessary during treatment. Withhold and resume at reduced dose upon recovery or permanently discontinue CABOMETYX depending on severity.

    Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: CABOMETYX can cause fetal harm. Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating CABOMETYX and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions are:

    CABOMETYX as a single agent: diarrhea, fatigue, PPE, decreased appetite, hypertension, nausea, vomiting, weight decreased, and constipation.

    CABOMETYX in combination with nivolumab: diarrhea, fatigue, hepatotoxicity, PPE, stomatitis, rash, hypertension, hypothyroidism, musculoskeletal pain, decreased appetite, nausea, dysgeusia, abdominal pain, cough, and upper respiratory tract infection.

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors: If coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors cannot be avoided, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid grapefruit or grapefruit juice.

    Strong CYP3A4 Inducers: If coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inducers cannot be avoided, increase the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid St. John’s wort.

    USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

    Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed during CABOMETYX treatment and for 4 months after the final dose.

    Hepatic Impairment: In patients with moderate hepatic impairment, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage. Avoid CABOMETYX in patients with severe hepatic impairment.

    Please see accompanying full Prescribing Information.
    You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

    Indication

    CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib), in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

    CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib), in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).